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Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills

Guidance Document for Decision Making and Implementaion of Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills
  • 49 Pages
  • 0.78 MB
  • 6420 Downloads
  • English
by
International Maritime Organization
Environmental Engineering & Technology, Technology & Industrial
The Physical Object
FormatHardcover
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL9127861M
ISBN 109280141872
ISBN 139789280141870

Details Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills FB2

Abstract — Bioremediation of Marine Oil Spills — In the long run, biodegradation is the eventual fate of oil spilled at sea that cannot be collected or burnt.

Stimulating this biodegradation. In book: Introduction to Petroleum Biotechnology, pp The two general approaches that have been tested for the bioremediation of marine oil spills are the application of fertilizer to. @article{osti_, title = {Bacteria and bioremediation of marine oil spills}, author = {Atlas, R.M.}, abstractNote = {Virtually all marine ecosystems harbor indigenous hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria.

These hydrocarbon degraders comprise less than one percent of the bacterial community in unpolluted environments, but generally increase to one to ten percent following petroleum contamination.

Introduction. Since the early s, following the discovery that nutrient fertilizers could enhance the rates of oil biodegradation in marine environments (Atlas and Bartha, ; ; Bartha and Atlas, ), bioremediation has been a potential treatment for mitigating marine oil spills (Atlas, ; ; Swannell et al., ).As discussed by Swannell and colleagues (), the Exxon Cited by: In conclusion, bioremediation is not the panacea for mitigating oil spills-but it is an important tool in reducing the ecological impact of some oil spills.

Citation: Prince R, Atlas R. Bioremediation of Marine Oil Spills, p Cited by: In fact, bioremediation is often used to help clean up crude oil spills. Bioremediation of a contaminated site typically works in one of two ways: (1) methods are found to enhance the growth of whatever pollution-eating microbes might already be living at the contaminated site, and (2) specialized microbes are added to degrade the contaminants.

In Proceedings of the 29th Arctic and Marine Oil Spill Program (AMOP), June 5–7, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. pp. – Atlas R.; Bragg J.

Bioremediation of marine oil spills: when and when not - the Exxon Valdez experience. Microbial Biotechnol. 2, – [PMC free article] [Google Scholar] Atlas R.; Bragg J. by: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Bioremediation for marine oil spills. Washington, D.C.: Congress of the U.S., Office of Technology Assessment: For sale.

Get this from a library. Bioremediation for marine oil spills. [United States. Congress. Office of Technology Assessment.;]. Bioremediation is not only economical, but it is an effective technique for sensitive shorelines, due to being nonaggressive to the shoreline habitat (Boufadel et al.,).

According to Dave and Ghaly (), mechanical treatment and dispersants application followed by bioremediation are the most effective treatments for a marine oil spill. accidental spills of fuel oil or other hydrocarbons.8 Much less progress has been made with respect to the practical problems of applying bioremediation technologies to marine oil spills, although advocates have suggested their use in the wake of several major spills.

The problems associated with using bioreme. Bioremediation of Marine Oil Spills Matt Radermacher ABSTRACT Bioremediation of marine oil spills has become a very practical approach to oil spill cleanup efforts in recent years.

The tragic Exxon Valdez oil spill ininformed the United States of the lack of preparedness the oil industry and country had in such remediation Size: KB.

Bioremediation Oil Spills Share this page Oil spills have become serious problem in cold environments with ever icrese in resource exploitation,transportation,storage and accidental lekage of oils Bioremidation is a promising action for remidation it is effective and economic in removing oils with less undue environmental damages.

Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills, Edition Major incidents such as the Amoco Cadiz (France, ), the Exxon Valdez (USA, ), the Braer (UK, ), the Sea Empress (UK, ), the Erika (France, ) and the Prestige (Spain, ) have provided the stimulus for the development of alternative response techniques to tackle oil pollution both at sea and on the shoreline.

Prince RC, Atlas RM () Bioremediation of marine oil spills. In: Atlas RM, Philp JC (eds) Bioremediation: applied microbial solutions for real-world environmental cleanup. ASM Press, Washington, DC, pp – CrossRef Google Scholar. Oil spills threaten the health of both human lifestyle and environmental ecosystems.

Currently, there are limited methods for cleaning up oil spill which have reached the shoreline or which have spread over a large area.

Description Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills FB2

Some of these methods, like in situ burning or the use of dispersal agents, do a lot of harm themselves. bioremediation of oil spills 1. Bioremediation of oil spills Submitted by- Anchal Garg Environment Science 2.

Oil spills • Oil spills occur frequently throughout the world. There are both inland and oceanic spills. • Oil spills require quick action so that they cause as little damage as possible.

Prince RC, Atlas RM () Bioremediation of marine oil spills. In Bioremediation: Applied Microbial Solutions for Real-World Environmental Cleanup. RM Atlas and JC Philp (eds.). Washington DC: ASM Press, pp. – Google Scholar. This publication is a comprehensive review of the problems posed by marine oil spills and the potential response measures.

It will benefit anyone involved in training programmes, contingency planning or actual response to oil spills. Bioremediation Biostimulation Bioaugmentation Response to Marine Oil Spills, 2nd. Bioremediation of oil spills This three-year project assessed short term effects of commonly transported oils and in situ bioremediation on tropical Australian mangrove and salt marsh habitats.

Field work on the project was conducted at Port Curtis near Gladstone in Queensland. IMO e-Book EE Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills, Edition. Major incidents such as the Amoco Cadiz (France, ), the Exxon Valdez (USA, ), the Braer (UK, ), the Sea Empress (UK, ), the Erika (France, ) and the Prestige (Spain, ) have provided the stimulus for the development of alternative response techniques to tackle oil pollution both at sea and on the : $ BIOTECHNOLOGY– Vol.

IX - Bioremediation in the Marine Environment - Karunasagar, Iddya ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) mercury, a number of toxic metals are present in wastes generated by the power generation industry, the combustion of fossil fuels, the metal industry and also in agricultural run-off and sewage.

Oil pollution of the sea -- United States: Subject: Petroleum -- Biodegradation -- United States: Subject: Marine bioremediation -- United States: Subject: Environmental protection -- United States -- Technological innovations: Call number: TDP4 B56 Other copies: Look for editions of this book at your library, or elsewhere.

chemical composition of the oil, and no adequate engineering approaches are currently available for providing oxygen to oil-contaminated surficial sediments in the intertidal zone. Therefore, the two main approaches to oil-spill bioremediation are: (1) bioaugmentation, in which oil-degrading bacteria are added to supplement the existingFile Size: 51KB.

Aerobic bioremediation of oily wastes – A field guidance book for Federal On-Scene Co-ordinators. US EPA. Guidelines for the bioremediation of marine shorelines and freshwater wetlands. Zhu, X, Venosa, A, Suidan, M and Lee, K. US EPA. Bioremediation in Marine Oil Spills.

International Maritime Organization. Carolina EcoKits: Oil Spill Bioremediation Kit by Enable your students to simulate the bioremediation of marine oil spills using microorganisms that consume oil.

In a controlled experiment, students apply a suspension of oil-degrading microbes to a small amount of oil and chemical indicator in a culture tube. This paper will focus on the use of bioremediation for marine (surface water) oil spills.

Part II will briefly describe the development of bioremediation techniques. Part III will explain the biological and chemical processes of bioremediation, while Part IV will have a look at a few recent applications of this technique after major oil spills. As a consequence of the importance of oil spills relative to other sources of organic contaminants in the marine environment, there is a large body of research on oil-spill bioremediation.

Furthermore, studies of oiled shorelines have been far more numerous than open water studies, which have often been equivocal [ Cited by: Preface.

Introduction. Growth-Linked Biodegradation: Assimilation of Carbon; Assimilation of Other Elements. Acclimation: Factors Affecting Acclimation; Accelerated Pesticide BiodReviews: 1. This book provides a clear and concise overview of the present level of knowledge and expertise in the field of oil spill response.

It covers the behaviour and fate of different types of oil when spilled and the effects on marine and coastal resources. Guidance is given on aerial surveillance, the at-sea measure of containment and recovery, and the use of chemical dispersants, and there are.

Bioremediation: Applied Microbial Solutions for Real-World Environmental Cleanup is a fascinating examination of research and its real-world application.

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Intended for both academics and practitioners, the book presents information on the legal, scientific, and engineering principles behind bioremediation for cleaning up contaminated soil and groundwater sources.Suggested Citation:"Spilled Oil Bioremediation."National Research Council.

Opportunities for Environmental Applications of Marine Biotechnology: Proceedings of the October, Workshop.Guidance Document For Decision Making And Implementation Of Bioremediation In Marine Oil Spills.

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